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Copper Sheet

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Copper C106 grade

Copper Sheet

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Discovery: Copper has been known since prehistoric time. It has been mined for more than 5000 years. Word Origin: Latin cuprum: from the isle of Cyprus, which is famed for its copper mines Copper is reddish colored and takes a bright metallic luster. It is malleable, ductile, and a good conductor of electricity and heat. It is second only to silver as an electrical conductor. Copper is widely used in the electrical industry. In addition to many other uses, copper is used in plumbing and for cookware. The discovery of copper dates from prehistoric times. There are reports of copper beads dating back to 9000BC found in Iraq. Methods for refining copper from its ores were discovered around 5000BC and a 1000 or so years later it was being used in pottery in North Africa.Part of the reason for it being used so early is simply that it is relatively easy to shape. However it is somewhat too soft for many tools and around 5000 years ago it was discovered that when copper is mixed with other metals the resulting alloys are harder than copper itself. As examples, Brass is a mixture of Copper and zinc while Bronze is a mixture of copper and tin. Copper does develop an oxide layer, or patina, when exposed to water. Application: The major applications of copper are in electrical wires (60%), roofing and plumbing (20%) and industrial machinery (15%). Copper is mostly used as a metal, but when a higher hardness is required it is combined with other elements to make an alloy (5% of total use) such as brass and bronze.[16] A small part of copper supply is used in production of compounds for nutritional supplements and fungicides in agriculture.[32][65] Machining of copper is possible, although it is usually necessary to use an alloy for intricate parts to get good machinability characteristics. Properties: Copper has a melting point of 1083.4 +/- 0.2°C, boiling point of 2567°C, specific gravity of 8.96 (20°C), with a valence of 1 or 2. Table: basic information about and classifications of copper. Name: Copper Symbol: Cu Atomic number: 2 Atomic weight: 63.546 (3) Standard state: solid at 298 K CAS Registry ID: 7440-50-8 Group in periodic table: 11 Group name: Coinage metal Period in periodic table: Block in periodic table: d-block Colour: copper, metallic Classification: Metallic

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